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Molecular Physics Mohamed F. El-Hewie

Molecular Physics

Mohamed F. El-Hewie

Published August 1st 2011
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This volume encompasses five chapters from my personal study notes which covers all courses and notes in my study of Nuclear Engineering, from high school throughout my post-doctorate associateship.TABLE OF CONTENTSCHAPTER 9: The Wave Nature ofMoreThis volume encompasses five chapters from my personal study notes which covers all courses and notes in my study of Nuclear Engineering, from high school throughout my post-doctorate associateship.TABLE OF CONTENTSCHAPTER 9: The Wave Nature of MatterThe Wave Nature of MatterDE BROGLIES CONCEPT OF MATTER WAVESEXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF MATTER WAVESEXPERIMENTS OF DAVISSON AND GERMEREXPERIMENTS OF G. P. THOMSONTHEORETICAL STUDY OF MATTER WAVESQUANTUM MECHANICSMatrices Algebra1. THE CORPUSCULAR CONCEPT OF MATTER2. THE TRANSFORMATION THEORYWAVE MECHANICSPHYSICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF the wave function ψPRINCIPLE OF INDETERMINACYCRITICISM OF THE THEORY OF MATTER WAVESCHAPTER 10: Quantum StatisticsPrinciples of statistical mechanicsCalculus of probabilities and its lawsCLASSICAL STATISTICSAPPLICATIONS OF THE QUANTUM STATISTICSA. Bose-Einstein statistics1. Black body radiation2. Gas degenerationB. Fermi-Dirac statistics1. Electron theory of metals2. Thermal and electrical conductivities3. Thermoelectricity4. Thermionic effect5. Photoelectric effect6. Contact potential difference (Volta effect)7. Paramagnetism of the alkali metalsCRITICISM OF THE QUANTUM STATISTICSCHAPTER 11the atomSPECIAL UNITS USED IN ATOMIC PHYSICSThe Electronic Structure of the AtomThe Atom ModelsTHOMSON ATOM MODELRUTHERFORD NUCLEAR ATOM MODELEXPERIMENTS ON THE SCATTERING OF ALPHA PARTICLESBOHR ATOM MODELELECTRONIC STRUCTUREORIGIN OF SPECTRAL LINESBohrs theory of the origin of spectral lines1. Spectrum of the singly ionized helium2. Determination of the ratio of the mass of the electron to that of the proton : m/MH3. The discovery deuterium or heavy hydrogen of mass number twoAPPLICATIONS OF BOHRS THEORYEXCITATION AND IONIZATION OF ATOMSMethods of excitation of atomsEXPERIMENT OF DAVIS AND GOUCHERX-RAY SPECTRASOME PECULIARITIES OF THE CHARACTERISTIC X-RAY SPECTRAX-RAY ABSORPTION SPECTRA THE SOMMERFELD RELATIVISTIC ATOM MODELVECTOR ATOM MODELQUANTUM NUMBERS ASSOCIATED WITH THE VECTOR MODEL OF THE ATOMMAGNETIC MOMENT DUE TO ORBITAL MOTIONBOHR MAGNETONMAGNETIC MOMENT DUE TO ELECTRON SPINELECTRONIC STRUCTURE IN ATOMSELECTRON CONFIGURATIONS WITH THEIR MODERN SYMBOLIC REPRESENTATIONSSemiconductors and transistorsFINE STRUCTURE OF SPECTRAL LINESOPTICAL SPECTRAFine structureFINE STRUCTURE OF THE SODIUM D-LINEFINE STRUCTURE OF THE Hα LINEX-RAY SPECTRAZEEMAN EFFECTDEBYES EXPLANATION OF THE NORMAL ZEEMAN EFFECTEXPLANATION OF THE ANOMALOUS ZEEMAN EFFECTPASCHEN-BACK EFFECTSTARK EFFECTTHE STARK PATTERN OF THE Hα LINEFORBIDDEN LINES IN ATOMIC SPECTRAForbidden lines in nebular and auroral spectraEXPERIMENTAL CONFIRMATION OF THE VECTOR MODELSTERN AND GERLACH EXPERIMENTGYROMAGNETIC EFFECTTHE WAVE MECHANICAL ATOM MODELSOLUTION OF SCHRÖDINGER’S EQUATION FOR THE ONE-ELECTRON ATOMSOME APPLICATIONS OF THE WAVE MECHANICAL THEORY1. HYDROGEN AND HELIUM ATOMS2. MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF MATERIALSCHAPTER 12: Molecular SpectraVan der Waals type of bindingMolecular SpectraVan der Waals type of bindingMetallic bindingElectric moments of moleculesSize and shape of moleculesDissociation of molecules: heat of dissociationFranck-Condon principleMOLECULAR SPECTRATheory of the rotation-vibration spectraTheory of the electronic band spectraPECULIARITIES OF CERTAIN BAND SPECTRAISOTOPIC EFFECT IN MOLECULAR SPECTRARAMAN EFFECTAPPLICATIONS OF THE RAMAN EFFECT IN PHYSICSAPPLICATIONS OF THE RAMAN EFFECT IN CHEMISTRYSOLID STATE SPECTROSCOPYChapter 13: Modern Problems of RadioactivityModern Problems of RadioactivityThe Nucleus of the AtomRADIATIONS FROM NATURAL RADIOELEMENTSAlpha disintegrationBeta disintegrationGamma-ray emissionSPECTRA OF THE RADIATIONS FROM NATURAL RADIOELEMENTSGAMMA RAY SPECTRANuclear energy levelsALPHA RAY SPECTRABETA RAY SPECTRAThe cloud chamber methodTheoretical interpretation of the β-ray continuum